The southwest coastal region of Bangladesh is a part of the Ganges floodplain with a brackish water regime and made it vulnerable to natural disasters. The world’s largest single tract mangrove forest ‘Sundarbans’ is situated in this region consisting of 6000km that is a World Heritage and Ramsar Site of Bangladesh. Unlikely, from the last four decades the SRF becomes more vulnerable rapidly due to unnecessary human intervention and adverse impact of climate change, causing, sea-level rise, increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters, reduced freshwater flow from upstream, riverbank erosion, and silting up of riverbeds, increased and intensity of salinity and water-logging. Thus ecology and biodiversity become under threatened, the reduced natural regeneration process of mangroves species (flora and fauna) and biological productivity, increasing over-extraction of the mangrove resources without considering its sensitive ecosystem. Besides, lack of adequate knowledge about the environmental and economic importance mangrove and coastal wetlands ecosystems as well as the values of mangroves. As a result, this, in turn, causes damage to the livelihoods of the local people and increases the poverty circle. In this context, AOSED has taken the initiative to increase mangrove restoration and plantation on the Rivers banks through enhancing the capacity of local communities and developing community-based mangrove ecosystem management in the impact zone of the Sundarbans mangrove forest area to reduce loss and damage for human development, with the cooperation of both ends, the Netherlands.
For this reason, AOSED take initiative to increase mangrove restoration and plantation on the Rivers banks through enhancing the capacity of local communities and developing community-based mangrove ecosystem management in the impact zone of the Sundarbans mangrove forest area (Kamarkhola Union of Dacope Upazila (sub-district) under the Khulna district in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh)
Formed 10 User Group with 100 members (50% female), 80% group members of Kamarkhola Union of Dacope Upazila (sub-district) under the Khulna district in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh playing an active and effective role to mangrove restoration and plantation. Enhanced knowledge, skills and capacity of community on Mangrove and coastal ecosystem; Sustainable uses of mangrove resources; Restoration and regeneration technique of mangrove species; Necessity and how to develop community based ‘Mangrove Nursery’ and regular maintenance. Besides 3000 mangrove Seedling (six species) has been planted in the inter-tidal mud flats on the east bank of the Bhadra River.